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Cooking Converter

This page converts common cooking measures. It also considers the special factors associated with converting cooking measures. For more general information on the metric, USA and Imperial systems of measurement, click on Metric System Conversion.

Measurement Converter (Metric, USA and Imperial Systems)

Volume Converter

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Weight Converter

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Temperature Converter

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 Converting Small Measures

The smaller measures, from the drop to the tablespoon, are not intended to be precise so conversion can only be approximate:

  • A pinch of salt is the amount of salt held between a thumb and finger pinched together; it varies depending on the size of the fingers and the nature of the pinch. Also, depending on an individual cook's tastes, a pinch of salt or spice will be more or less generous.
  • Likewise, a drop or a dash are only approximate measures. A drop being a drop of liquid, which varies depending on the size of the dropper or surface it is leaving, as well as the thickness (viscosity) of the liquid. Published values range from 0.025 milliliters up to 0.099 milliliters, so the largest interpretation is four times that of the smallest. There are different official definitions, and cooks often vary widely from the individual definitions (reflecting the individual nature of cooking). Consequently, the figures for the smaller measures should be considered approximate only, without undue attention to exact measurement.
  • The term "cup", although officially defined as half a pint, is also variously interpreted (breakfast cup, coffee cup, metric cup, etc.) so it is also not always an exact measure.
  • Finally, for these smaller measures, the Imperial measures are interpreted slightly differently between the different countries (UK, Canada, Australia, etc.)

Common Measures

The following tables provide the common measures used in cooking.

Within the UK, the Imperial "tablespoon" is officially defined as 5/8 of a fluid ounce and a teaspoon is 1/24 of a gill. However, in other Imperial countries the tablespoon is often defined as half an ounce and the teaspoon as one third of a tablespoon. For the metric calculators above, the official UK definitions (tablespoon = 5/8 fluid ounce, teaspoon = 1/24 gill) are used. However, for ease of use, the simpler measures (tablespoon = 1/2 ounce, teaspoon = 1/3 tablespoon) are used in the following tables.

For the converter and the following tables, we've used the most authoritative definitions of the measures available. Irrelevant definitions (e.g. the "medical drop") have been excluded for simplicity.

Although the Imperial and USA systems have the same units (e.g. ounce, cup, quart) for measuring volume, the size of these units is not the same in the two systems. For this reason, the Imperial and USA measures are listed separately below (details are provided in Metric & Imperial Units). The converter at the top of the page will convert between: metric and Imperial; metric and USA; Imperial and USA.

Measurement units of Volume (capacity)

Metric capacity

     

Imperial liquid capacity

   

"metric drop"

 

0.05 milliliters

 

3 drops

=

1 dash

"metric teaspoon"

 

5.0 milliliters

 

2 dashes

=

1 pinch

       

8 pinches

=

1 teaspoon

10 milliliters

=

1 centilitre

 

2 teaspoons

=

1 dessertspoon

10 centiliters

=

1 decilitre

 

3 teaspoons

=

1 tablespoon

10 deciliters

=

1 litre

 

2 tablespoons

=

1 fluid ounce

       

5 fluid ounces

=

1gill

       

2 gills

=

1 cup

       

2 cups

=

1 pint

         

=

20 fluid ounces

       

2 pints

=

1 quart

       

4 quarts

=

1 gallon

       

USA liquid capacity

   
       

4.75 drops

=

1 dash

       

2 dashs

=

1 pinch

       

8 pinches

=

1 teaspoon

       

3 teaspoons

=

1 tablespoon

       

2 tablespoons

=

1 fluid ounce

       

4 fluid ounces

=

1 gill

       

2 gills

=

1 cup

       

2 cups

=

1 pint

           

16 fluid ounces

       

2 pints

=

1 quart

       

4 quarts

=

1 gallon

Measurement units of Mass (weight)

Metric mass

     

Imperial weight

   

1000 grams

=

1 kilogram

 

16 ounces

=

1 pound

       

14 pounds

=

1 stone

       

USA weight

   
       

16 ounces

=

1 pound

 

Converstion to and from Metric

Following are approximate conversions. For ease of use the conversions are rounded to the 2nd decimal place. For more exact conversions, use the calculator at the top of this page.  The Imperial "tablespoon" is generally interpreted as half a fluid ounce (the measure used in the following table), but sometimes as five eights of an ounce (which would be approximately 17.76 milliliters).

Imperial/USA unit

Metric unit

 

Metric unit

Imperial/USA unit

Teaspoon (UK)

5.92 milliliters

 

Millilitre

0.17 teaspoons (UK)

Teaspoon (US)

4.93 milliliters

   

0.20 teaspoons (US)

Tablespoon (UK)

17.76 milliliters

 

10 Millilitre

0.56 tablespoons (UK)

Tablespoon (US)

14.79 milliliters

   

0.68 tablespoons (US)

Fluid ounce (UK)

28.41 milliliters

 

100 millilitre

3.52 fluid ounces (UK)

Fluid ounce (US)

29.57 milliliters

   

3.38 fluid ounces (US)

Pint (UK)

0.57 liters

 

Litre

1.76 pints (UK)

Pint (US)

0.47 liters

   

2.11 pints (US)

Quart (UK)

1.14 liters

   

0.88 quarts (UK)

Quart (US)

0.95 liters

   

1.06 quarts (US)

Gallon (UK)

4.55 liters

   

0.22 gallon (UK)

Gallon (US)

3.79 liters

   

0.26 gallons (US)

Ounce (weight)

28.35 grams

 

Gram

0.035 ounces (weight)

Pound

0.45 kilograms

 

Kilogram

2.21 pounds

 

 
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